In the 2015 Policy Address, the Government announced that Kowloon East (KE) would be used as a pilot area to explore the feasibility of developing a Smart City. The “Developing Kowloon East into a Smart City District – Feasibility Study” (this Study) was thus commenced to investigate the feasibility in terms of its strategies, challenges, constraints and opportunities. In this Study, we formulated a smart city framework and an advocacy statement for KE, as well as propose smart city initiatives and their implementation strategy. Through the public engagement, we strive to promote the benefits of smart city development and raise awareness in the community for developing KE into a smart, sustainable and liveable community.
We formulated implementation strategies for the proposed smart initiatives. These initiatives corresponded with the proposed smart city framework for KE, including enhancing mobility and walkability, optimizing resources management and improving the urban environment, and promoting socio-economic vibrancy.
We have also implemented various Proof of Concept (PoC) trials, which aimed to demonstrate the social benefits of smart city development and understand the feasibility of wider application.
The study was completed in December 2019. The findings of the study are summarized in the executive summary.
The idea of our proposed framework stems from our vision and understanding of the existing condition of KE. It comprises THREE layers:
The core of our framework places particular emphasis on people as the foundation. By creating a platform promoting innovation, people are converged for interaction and collaboration to foster development and implementation of various smart city initiatives.
The middle layer of the framework contains the aspects which smart city initiatives can improve: (i) Governance & Socio-economic Vibrancy; (ii) Resources Management & Urban Environment; and (iii) Mobility & Walkability, to make KE a better place to live, work and play.
The outer layer of the framework uses ICT as a tool to enhance the efficiency of smart city initiatives. It is the key enabling factor for implementing smart city initiatives for each strategic aspect.
Good mobility greatly increases the attractiveness and competitiveness for cities. The Study proposes to take forward smart measures in short (up to 2020), medium and long term (beyond 2020) which are in line with the following objectives for increasing the mobility of people and goods in Kowloon East, in particular for the built-up areas of the Kwun Tong and Kowloon Bay Business Areas:
The “Easy Walking” function in MyKE provides a way-finding tool to cater for the needs and preferences of individual users, while the “Thematic Tour” and “Personalised Tour” functions make walking in Kowloon East more interesting.
THEMATIC TOUR AND PERSONALISED TOUR;
Systems using technologies such as video analytics (VA), machine learning, AI, AR positioning, etc. are being developed. With such technologies and coupled with the real-time parking vacancy information in off-street car parks and live traffic speed conditions, the utilisation of roads and off-street car parks can be enhanced.
KERBSIDE LOADING AND UNLOADING BAY MONITORING SYSTEM;
ILLEGAL PARKING MONITORING SYSTEM;
REAL-TIME ROAD WORKS INFORMATION
To minimise traffic congestion, travellers are encouraged to use public transport over self-driving. Relevant public transport services information should be provided to allow well-informed instantaneous travel decisions and journey planning.
PUBLIC TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Low-carbon public transport modes provide an excellent alternative for smooth travel as well as to improve air quality.
ELECTRIC AND AUTONOMOUS BUSES
During the transformation of KE into CBD2, it is always a challenge to reduce energy use, environmental impacts and carbon footprint while sustaining its job opportunities and economic growth, as well as the well-being of people working or living there. In creating and sustaining a high quality environment, it requires not only modernised public infrastructures but also capitalising private initiatives. The Study proposes to take forward smart measures which are in line with the following objectives:
Smart infrastructures comprise of resource-efficient methods at district and household levels.
DISTRICT COOLING SYSTEM;
WASTE AND RECYCLABLES HANDLING;
ENERGY MONITORING SYSTEM AT HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
Revitalising water bodies promotes greening, biodiversity, beautification and water-friendly activities and at the same time achieves effective drainage capability.
REVITALISATION OF NULLAHS
Continuous improvement of urban efficiency and management of public assets through innovative technologies can improve city resilience, promote social inclusion and enhance socio-economic vibrancy. The Study proposes to take forward smart measures which are in line with the following objectives:
Through innovative technologies, improvements for urban efficiency and asset management can be made to strengthen city resilience, promote social inclusion, and enhance socio-economic vibrancy.
SMART CROWD MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
To involve various sectors in smart city development, measures such as through new land sale requirements and implementation of PoC trials have been proposed to showcase the benefits of Smart City development.
LAND SALE CONDITIONS
PROOF OF CONCEPT TRIALS
To better manage the vast amount of government assets, and schedule maintenance in a more efficient and effective manner, innovative technology solutions are developed.
SMART ROAD LIGHTS;
SMART DRAINAGE SYSTEM;
WATER INTELLIGENT NETWORK
The growth of ageing population not only brings challenges to the society, but also opportunities for innovation solutions to embrace social inclusion.
SMART PEDESTRIAN CROSSING
Information & Communications Technology (ICT) enables linkages between multiple devices. Through the use of sensors and communication network, data can be easily collected and shared to support smart city initiatives. The Study proposes to take forward smart measures which are in line with the following objectives:
An IoT ecosystem in Kowloon East is important to develop various solutions that will trigger collaboration across parties, offering more opportunities and value creation.
MULTI-PURPOSE LAMP POSTS
A wide range of telecommunications solutions, including cross-border connections, data centres and cloud services, have been developed. A high-speed and wide-coverage communication service can facilitate sensing network and transmission of data in realtime to enhance city management.
DEVELOPMENT OF MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
Spatial data have become indispensable for building a smart city and hence a common spatial data infrastructure is essential to providing a platform for sharing and analyzing spatial data.
The establishment of an innovation-oriented platform fosters cocreation and cross-sector collaboration among the Government, the industry, academia, research institutes, other stakeholders and the general public to realise the vision of a Smart KE.
Taking into account the public views collected during Stage 1 PE and the formulated framework strategy, the PoC trials are demonstrating the benefits of smart city development, while various collaboration projects are contributing to smart city development. More and more parties are joining hands in the co-creation of a smart and sustainable city with KE as a starting point.
We encourage all parties to use KE as a test bed for exploring Smart City development and engage with various stakeholders such as research institutes, academic institutions, the ICT sector, public utility and public transport companies, professional bodies, landowners and developers, property management sector, building owners and car park operators in various projects.
Developing a smart city is an ongoing process. To achieve this, we provided support for smart city-related research projects in their funding application and facilitate liaison between government departments and researchers. Through our support, research subjects including an indoor and outdoor geographic information system for KE, tree risk alert system, air quality prediction system, using data mining techniques to personalise travelling experience and cost benefit analysis framework for future smart city projects have secured funding for their projects in KE.
With our facilitation, CLP Hong Kong Ltd. has also fostered a smart energy community covering some private developments in the KTD Area.
KE provides a test bed or demonstration ground for smart city projects to maximise the synergies created through tri-party (viz. government, private sectors and professional/ academic institutions) collaboration. We continue to encourage universities and research institutes to develop innovative smart city solutions. Some examples include:
Since the conception of the Study, we have engaged in various exploratory and collaborative learning, experience-sharing and networking events, including visits, discussions, workshops, forums and conferences, competition judging to engender cross-sector and multi-level collaboration and partnerships involving both local and overseas stakeholders.
Apart from supporting the Education Bureau in their Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education, we have also shared the Kowloon East Smart City experiences with primary, secondary and university students’ through STEM competitions, seminars and workshops organised by local universities and nonprofit making organisations.
In the 2015 Policy Address, the Government announced that Kowloon East (KE) would be used as a pilot area to explore the feasibility of developing a Smart City.
Through the Advocacy Statement, we hope to encourage all sectors to co-create a Smart Kowloon East for people to work, live and play. All sectors can take this opportunity to participate and unleash the maximum potential benefits of smart city.
We attach importance to community engagement and co-creation in the process of smart city development in KE. Briefings, meetings, workshops and other events have been organised aiming to increase awareness and facilitate participation among various stakeholders including the general public to ensure that the community’s aspirations are duly taken into account.